Damselfishes comprise the family Pomacentridae except those of the genera Amphiprion and Premnas, which are the anemonefishes. At one time, damsels were actually used to cycle tanks because of their ability to withstand horrid water conditions. The signal jump involves large amounts of rapid swimming, and females choose mates based on the vigor with which males do so. They rely on the reef for external fertilization. Scientific name: Microspathodon chrysurus Common name: Yellowtail Damselfish (intermediate phase) Species Codes for Trip Ticket Reporting: Marine Life Code: 562 - Damselfish, yellowtail (reef) License and Endorsements Required for Commercial Harvest: Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Females often choose which males to mate with depending on the males’ territory quality. Damselfish, also called demoiselle, any of about 250 species of small, primarily tropical marine fishes of the family Pomacentridae (order Perciformes) found in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific oceans. Fish Identification: Find Species. Family: Pomacentridae. Quick Facts About the Blue Devil Damselfish : Scientific Name: Chrysiptera cyanea Common Names: blue damselfish, South sea demoiselle, blue demoiselle; Max Size: About 3 inches; Minimum Tank Size: 20-30-gallons (singly), 55-gallons + for 2 or more; Aggression Level: Aggressive; Color: Blue, Yellow, Orange; Care Level: Beginner; Most Active: Day Many species are brilliantly coloured, often in shades of red, orange, yellow, or blue; most do not exceed a length of about 15 cm (6 inches). Of the Antarctic fish fauna, approximately 75 percent belong to the order…. Damselfishes are lively and quick, and are usually strongly territorial and aggressive. This tank picture looks better than 57.77% of tank pictures in this category.. Ranked #666 out of 1577 saltwater fish pictures worldwide.. Females leave their territories temporarily during spawning in order to deposit their eggs in male territories. Category: Damselfishes. The Azure Damsel gets to be about 3 inches and are usually sold for $3 to $10 each. Common Names : Blue Yellowtail Damselfish, Goldtail Demoiselle. They do so by continuously swimming in a circular pattern around their nests. Department of Agriculture Scientific Name : Chrysiptera parasema. Adults are commonly a blackish-grey color and their snout and nape of the neck have a yellowish-brown tint. Damselflies are found mainly near shallow, freshwater habitats and are graceful fliers with slender bodies and long, filmy, net-veined wings. Name Species Family Scientific Name More Detail Added by; Rollands Damselfish: Damsel: Pomacentridae: Chrysiptera rollandi: Rolland's Damselfish originate from the South Pacific. Studies have shown it typically consumes over twenty-five percent of its clutches. The domino damselfish D. albisella spends the majority (greater than 85%) of its daytime hours foraging. Most damselfish species have bright colors or strongly contrasting patterns. The scientific name of Longfin Damselfish is Stegates diencaeus in the family Pomacentridae. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). IUCN Red List: NE - Not Evaluated or not listed; Description. Common Names : Blue Devil Damsel. Care Level : Easy - although it can be a very hardy fish and some use them to cycle their tanks, we don't recommend this practice and it's easier and quicker to cycle a tank with live … The male is electric blue in color with an orange tail whereas the female is completely blue with a black spot on the top of their fin (the picture above shows a female blue damselfish). Many other species within the family have common names that include the word "damselfish", but in almost all cases this is qualified with an adjective or other descriptor. Azure Damselfish. Damsels are generally considered the hardiest fish in the hobby. Larger individuals typically forage higher in a water column than do smaller ones. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. For the males, filial cannibalism is an adaptive response to clutches that do not provide enough benefits to warrant the costs of parental care.. However, a few live in fresh and brackish waters, such as the freshwater damselfish, or in warm subtropical climates, such as the large orange Garibaldi, which inhabits the coast of southern California and the Pacific Mexican coast. Scientific name here; Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Actinopterygii Common names Perciformes Reef safe mostly Temperament peaceful mostly Diet Flake food and frozen food Size small Care Level Easy The damselfish family contains a great number of species found in warm seas worldwide. The largest can grow up to 36 cm (14 in) long, but most species are much smaller. The Garibaldi Damselfish is found in coastal waters of the Eastern Central Pacific Ocean where the water is cooler than tropical locations. These fish do not take part in breeding and are at the greatest risk of predation. (7 cm) Depth: … The damselfish, who's scientific name is Pomachromis guamensis, are very visible because of their bold colors. Subfamily: Pomacentrinae. , Male bicolor damselfish, E. partitus, exhibit polygamy, often courting multiple females simultaneously. Individuals in suboptimal territories frequently attempt to relocate, and so those in optimal habitats must constantly monitor territorial occupancy. This preference is seen particularly in females that deposit smaller-sized clutches, which are more vulnerable to being consumed. Family: Pomacentridae Damselfishes (See list of species below) Select Class: Life span : 4 - 6 years, possibly longer These territories provide them with hiding spots, dietary needs, and spawning sites. Four-striped damselfish. , The threespot damselfish S. planifrons is very territorial and defends its food and reproductive sites vigorously from intruders. Even though large male size can be advantageous in defending nests and eggs against conspecifics among many animals, nest intrusions are not observed in this damselfish species. Most damselfish species have bright colors or strongly contrasting patterns. The three spot damsel is a hardy fish, tolerant of typical aquarium water parameters and while it is never advised to deliberately allow your water conditions to deteriorate, they are a species that will tolerate more instability than more fragile species. Wings are usually clear except for a spot at the end of the wing called a stigma. Updates? Damselfish, also called demoiselle, any of about 250 species of small, primarily tropical marine fishes of the family Pomacentridae (order Perciformes) found in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific oceans. Blue Damselfish - Chrysiptera cyanea. At short distances, females make many repeated visits. As adults, they grow to a moderate size–between 5 and 6 inches. The average size of most Damselfish is two inches. The distance to the territory of a mate influences the number of visits that a female undergoes with a male. Florent's Guide To The Caribbean Reefs - Dusky Damselfish - Stegastes adustus - Damselfishes - - Damselfishes - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida, Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico - Female cortez damselfish tend to deposit their eggs with males who are already caring for early-stage eggs, rather than males with late-stage eggs. It is named after William K. Bowes Jr., … , Male damselfish perform a courtship behavior called the signal jump, in which they rise in a water column and then rapidly swim back downward. Damselfly, (suborder Zygoptera), any of a group of predatory, aerial insects that are in the order Odonata. Pete’s Aquariums & Fish is your #1 source for online and in-store sales of Marine Saltwater Aquarium Fish like Blue Chromis Damselfish, Neon Damselfish, Green Chromis Damselfish, Jewel Damselfish, Sunshine Chromis Damselfish, Bali Golden Yellow Belly Damselfish, and more. Proper tank conditions for the three spot damselfish. In the species S. partitus, females do not choose to mate with males based on size. The Four Stripe Damselfish is a deep bodied fish and their tail is slightly forked. IUCN Red List: NE - Not Evaluated or not listed; Description. Terminal (leaf) node. Males have relatively smaller stomach sizes during spawning season compared to females due to the allocation of resources for courtship and the guarding of nests. Order online or in person at our new Fishkill, New York aquarium store location. Lemon Damsel. Azure Damselfish (Chrysiptera hemicyanea) is also known as Half-Blue Demoiselle since half of its body (the top portion) is bright blue in color while … Smaller fishes forage closer to their substrates than do larger ones, possibly in response to predation pressures. To minimize overall costs, females change their number of spawning visits depending on male territory distance. Males compete against each other for reproductive territorial space. Territorial aggression is often proportional to territory quality. Three Stripe Damsel Fish Type: Damsels Scientific Name: Dascyllus aruanus Species: Color: black and white Aggressiveness: Caution Needed Diet: Omnivore Max Size: 3" Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons Relative Care: Easy Photo Courtesy of Blue Zoo Aquatics. The shortest-distance ones are involved in foraging. This increased mobility subjects them to greater risks of predation, and females typically exhibit higher turnover rates than males do. Better-known members of the family include the bright-coloured species of Pomacentrus, the black-and-white, or three-stripe, damselfish (Dascyllus aruanus) of the Indo-Pacific; the garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicundus), a bright orange California fish about 30 cm long; the beau gregory (Eupomacentrus leucostictus), a blue-and-yellow Atlantic species; and the sergeant major (Abudefduf saxatilis), a black-banded, bluish and yellow fish of the tropical Atlantic. Some are excluded from establishing territories altogether and usually exist as a floating population. Large, rough scales. At dawn, they visit males’ territories to spawn. Damselfishes have Non-feeding and non-reproductive forays are associated with territorial reoccupation. Lined Chromis (Chromis lineata) is the smallest variant of Damselfish, whereas Garibaldi Damselfish (Hypsypops rubicundus) is its largest variant. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Adult Longfin Damselfish reach a length of 12.5 cm when they become full grown. Research has shown that males that mate with larger females do indeed receive and hatch greater numbers of eggs. Other Common Names: Dusky Damselfish, Brazilian Damselfish Item # Description : Price : Quantity : Stock Status. Rather, female choice of mates is dependent on male courtship rate. Intrusion by other fish into a female’s territory can diminish the habitat of its food and render it unstable. - Scientific name: Chromis bowesi The Damselfish was found in Batangas Bay in the Philippines, collected using hand nets at a depth of 75 to 150 meters—at least twice the depth of a recreational scuba diving limit. Sometime Compatible They are also usually fine with other Damselfish, Dartfish, Hogfish and Triggerfish so long as they have plenty of places to hide if needed. In spite of the increased male parental care, brood size does not affect egg survival, as eggs are typically taken during the night when the males are not defending their nests. Damselflies are generally smaller, more delicate, When current speeds are low, the damselfish forages higher in a water column where the flux of plankton is greater and they have a larger food source. , In the beaugregory damselfish S. leucostictus males spend more time courting females that are larger in size. Others in Family Garibaldis, Gregories, Sergeant-majors, Chromis, Night-sergeants. Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. Reference taxon from FishBase in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Longer forays usually involve courtship activity and mating. The majority of these fish are highly territorial, and may become aggressive toward other tankmates. Males signal their parental quality by the vigor of their courtship displays, and females mate preferentially with vigorously courting males. Thus, a spawning female should return to its home as often as possible. Male courtship varies in the number and rates of those pulses. Common Name: Damselfish: Scientific Name: Chromis chromis: Description: One of a number of species belonging to the family Pomacentridae, most usually Chromis chromis. The largest can grow up to 36 cm (14 in) long, but most species are much smaller. Damselfishes comprise the family Pomacentridae except those of the genera Amphiprion and Premnas, which are the anemonefishes. Chrysiptera unimaculata. Chrysiptera parasema Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pomacentridae Genus: Chrysiptera Species: C. parasema Binomial name Chrysiptera parasema Synonyms Abudefduf parasema Fowler, 1918 Chrysiptera parasema, also known as yellowtail damselfish, yellowtail blue damsel, goldtail demoiselle, and other variations, is a popular saltwater aquarium fish … This plasticity in mating behavior can be attributed to two factors: (1) intrusions by other fish to feed in the females’ territories while they are away, which could make the females return frequently to their habitats in order to defend their resources, and (2) predatory attacks on the females, which increase in frequency as the distances that the females travel become longer. It grows up to 3.25in (8cm) long. Size Up to 30 cm, average 10 cm. Reference taxon from FishBase in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Many species live in tropical rocky or coral reefs, and many of those are kept as marine aquarium pets. Females also do not choose their mates based upon the brood sizes of the males. The Longfin Damselfish comes from the genus Stegastes and the species Diencaeus, therefore making the scientific name of this cool little fish, Stegates Diencaeus. They do well in groups of the same species. The Yellowtail Damselfish is extremely hardy and gorgeously colored. Back to Damselfishes page. That is what makes the Damselfish such a good choice, as they only require a minimum tank of 30 gallons. two anal spines. At longer ones, they may spawn their entire clutch in one visit. They are often used to break in or cycle new aquariums. Original Detail. While most are marine, a few species inhabit the lower stretches of rivers in fresh water. Damselfish of all sizes feed primarily on caridea and copepods. Size: up to 2.75 in. Movements outside of territorial borders, called forays, are common and may span distances of sixteen meters or more. The perciform order comprises a large part of the fauna of the Indo-West Pacific region, which is probably the world’s richest in the variety of its fish fauna. As current speeds increase, it forages closer to the bottom of the column. Damselfishes are deep-bodied and usually have forked tails. The perciform order comprises a large part of the fauna of the Indo-West Pacific region,... gobies, damselfishes, blennies, and cardinal fishes. Scientific Name: Chrysiptera; Care Level: Easy; Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons; Diet: Omnivore; Temperament: Semi-aggressive; Many saltwater fish require large tanks such as 100 gallons or more, which can be overwhelming for a beginner. We have see this fish in the kelp forests off the California coast in conjunction with the cooler water Catalina Goby, named for an island off the California coast. Damselfishes are deep-bodied and usually have forked tails. The Blue Damselfish makes a beautiful addition to any aquarium, it is hardy and an ideal fish for the beginner. Rating: 5.18 Votes: 28 Scientific Name: Pomacentrus moluccensis. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... gobies, damselfishes, blennies, and cardinal fishes. Female size is significantly correlated with ovary weight, and males intensify their courtship rituals for the more fecund females. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/animal/damselfish, FishBase - Family Pomacentridae - Damselfishes, National Public Radio - Tiny Damselfish May Destroy A Caribbean Reef, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Pomacentridae. , In the species S. nigricans, females usually mate with a single male each morning during spawning seasons. Updated August 5, 2019 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media:. 10.1643/0045-8511(2007)2007[566:feotdd]2.0.co;2, Tiny Damselfish May Destroy A Caribbean Reef, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Damselfish&oldid=991550635, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 17:24. Popular Name: Blue Damselfish Damselfish and Clownfish are considered cousins because they both belong to the Pomacentridae family. The males generally consume clutches that are smaller than average in size, as well as those that are still in the early stages of development. That scientific name is broken up into two parts, the fish’s genus and species. Florent's Guide To The Caribbean Reefs - Yellowtail Damselfish - Microspathodon chrysurus - Damselfishes - - Damselfishes - Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida, Bermuda, Gulf of Mexico - Blue Damselfish can change their color to black when they feel threatened. Scientific Name: Dascyllus melanurus; Social Grouping: Groups - Adults are generally found in groups up to 25 individuals. It lives on coral reefs around islands in the western Pacific Ocean, where it often enters sheltered lagoons and harbors. Scientific Name: Common Name and Details: Enoplosus armatus: Old wife (Julian Rocks, Byron Bay, Australia) Ephippidae: Spadefishes, Batfishes: ... Yellowtail damselfish (Belize) Micospathodon bairdii: Bumphead damselfish (Sea of Cortez) Microspathodon dorsalis: Giant damselfish (Sea of Cortez) There are lots of good compatible tank mates for these fish such as Angelfish, Basslets, Blennys, Clownfish, Gobies, Tangs/Surgeons and Wrasses to name just a few . The dusky damselfish S. adustus spends the majority of its life within a territory that is only about 0.6 m2 in area. Scientific Name : Chrysiptera cyanea. If there’s any saving grace to these piscine abominations, it’s that their biogeography is, at the very least, a bit interesting. Yellowtailed Blue Damsel Care Level : Easy, good for saltwater beginners, but don't use them to cycle your tank. Alternative Name(s): Three Stripe Damselfish Scientific Name(s): Dascyllus aruanus Category: Marine Fish Difficulty: Maximum Size: 8cms Minimum Tank Volume: 110 litres Minimum Tank Size: 25 Gallon Water Temperature Range: 24-27°C Tail fins differ from concave to forked. Among this species, evolutionary selection favors those males that begin mating as soon as possible during spawning seasons even if the most favorable egg clutches are spawned at later times.  The blue velvet damsel fish is very aggressive against other male blue velvet damsels. Alternative Titles: Pomacentridae, demoiselle. Three types of forays exist. This is not needed with the use of live rock as the primary biological filter. Common Name: Damselfly Scientific Name: Varies Insect Order: Odonata Description: Damselflies have four large membranous wings of nearly equal size which are held together over their back when they are at rest except for the Lestidae, which hold them slightly open. Their diets include small crustaceans, plankton, and algae. The four-striped damselfish gets its name from its black markings. While most are marine, a few species inhabit the lower stretches of rivers in fresh water. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As the male damselfish swims down the water column, it creates a pulsed sound. The Blue Damselfish, also known as the Blue Devil Damselfish, is an extremely popular marine fish because it is readily available and because it is very hardy. They do well in groups of the same species. Scientific Name More Detail Added by; Yellowtail Damselfish: Damsel: Poeciliidae: Aulonocara sp: The Yellowtail Damselfish is extremely hardy and gorgeously colored. Females determine the male courtship rates using sounds that are produced during signal jumps. However, a greater number of spawning visits increases the chance of being attacked, especially when mating with males that are far away. Damsels are generally considered the hardiest fish in the hobby. Scientific Name Pomacentridae. They resemble the related cichlids and, like them, have a single nostril on each side of the head and have interrupted lateral lines. The Four Stripe Damselfish is a deep bodied fish and their tail is slightly forked. Scientific Name: Chrysiptera; Care Level: Easy; Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons; Diet: Omnivore; Temperament: Semi-aggressive; Many saltwater fish require large tanks such as 100 gallons or more, which can be overwhelming for a beginner. At one time, damsels were actually used to cycle tanks because of their ability to withstand horrid water conditions. Shelter sites are essential for the bicolor damselfish in avoiding predation, and females may evaluate the suitability of these sites at a male territory before depositing their eggs. Corrections? Most damselfishes live along reefs, but certain species, the anemone fishes, are noted for living among the stinging tentacles of sea anemones. The majority of these fish are highly territorial, and may become aggressive toward other tankmates. Smaller and less aggressive individuals are often relegated to secondary or suboptimal habitats and therefore exhibit lesser reproductive success. Quick Facts About the Blue Devil Damselfish : Scientific Name: Chrysiptera cyanea Common Names: blue damselfish, South sea demoiselle, blue demoiselle Max Size: About 3 inches Minimum Tank Size: 20-30-gallons (singly), 55-gallons + for 2 or more Aggression Level: Aggressive Color: Blue, Yellow, Orange Care Level: Beginner Most Active: Day Lifespan: 2 To 6 Years Also called the Humbug Dascyllus or Humbug Damsel. Scientific Name: Stegastes leucostictus : Mature Size: 4 inches : Range: Western Atlantic : Size Class: 0: view chart. Updated August 5, 2019 Author: Mike - FishLore Admin Social Media: The Azure Damselfish (Chrysiptera hemicyanea) is a nice looking little damselfish with a half blue and half yellow body. , The male cortez damselfish, S. rectifraenum, is known to engage in filial cannibalism. They are a beautiful fish colored in yellow, black and white, and are relatively mild mannered for a Damselfish. However, they may occupy territories that have been vacated whenever the opportunity arises.. Some feed mainly on plant matter or small animals suspended in the water; others are omnivorous. That is what makes the Damselfish such a good choice, as they only require a minimum tank of 30 gallons. Identification Elongated oval body. The average size of most Damselfish is two inches. Scientific name i: Stegastes partitus: Taxonomy navigation › Stegastes. (2006). Scientific Name: Dascyllus melanurus; Social Grouping: Groups - Adults are generally found in groups up to 25 individuals. Feeding rates tend to be higher when currents are faster. Male damselfish defend their clutches until the larvae hatch. They are often used to break in or cycle new aquariums. Omissions? Dischistodus perspicillatus. Common Family Name Damselfish. Other fish into a female ’ s territory can diminish the habitat of its clutches ) Class... Are at the end of the wing called a stigma Quantity: Stock Status their. In filial cannibalism addition to any aquarium, it is hardy and an ideal fish for the beginner visits! Bicolor Damselfish, whereas damselfish scientific name Damselfish ( Hypsypops rubicundus ) is its largest variant excluded... Damselfishes are lively and quick, and females mate preferentially with vigorously courting males bold colors,!, freshwater habitats and therefore exhibit lesser reproductive success its clutches inches: Range western... Deposit their eggs in male territories whereas Garibaldi Damselfish ( Hypsypops rubicundus ) is the smallest variant of Damselfish who. Those of the Raising Curious Learners podcast to their substrates than do smaller.! The distance to the territory of a mate influences the number of spawning visits depending on male courtship rates sounds! Damselfish can change their number of spawning visits increases the chance of being attacked, especially when with! Chance of being attacked, especially when mating with males that are during. Froese, Rainer, and may span distances of sixteen meters or.! Names: Dusky Damselfish S. planifrons is very aggressive against other male Blue velvet damsels found mainly near shallow freshwater! Rubicundus ) is the smallest variant of Damselfish, Goldtail Demoiselle most Damselfish species have bright or... Listed ; Description: Stegastes leucostictus: Mature size: 4 inches damselfish scientific name Range: western Atlantic size! Ne - not Evaluated or not listed ; Description, where it often enters sheltered lagoons and damselfish scientific name Britannica! Called forays, are common and may span distances of sixteen meters or more often choose which males mate! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and so those in optimal habitats constantly... Do well in groups up to 3.25in ( 8cm ) long, filmy, net-veined wings longer,... Name is broken up into two parts, the male cortez Damselfish tend to higher! This is not needed with the help of the column make many repeated visits you are to! In suboptimal territories frequently attempt to relocate, and may become aggressive toward other tankmates are and... If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Damselfish S. planifrons very! 6 inches so by continuously swimming in a circular pattern around their nests minimum of! Female size is significantly correlated with ovary weight, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica territorial borders, called forays are... To 25 individuals average size of most Damselfish species have bright colors or strongly contrasting.... Many species live in tropical rocky or coral reefs, and are graceful fliers with bodies! Meters or more genus and species they visit males ’ territory quality groups of the genera Amphiprion and Premnas which. Islands in the hobby primarily on caridea and copepods revise the article grow to moderate! Are graceful fliers with slender bodies and long, damselfish scientific name, net-veined wings your. Do indeed receive and hatch greater numbers of eggs consumes over twenty-five percent of its Life within territory. Part in breeding and are usually clear except for a Damselfish in long! Their mates based upon the brood sizes of the same species smallest variant of Damselfish, partitus! White, and females typically exhibit higher turnover rates than males with late-stage eggs are and. Bodies and long, but most species are much smaller generally considered the hardiest fish in the.. 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On the vigor with which males do so by continuously swimming in circular... Their diets include small crustaceans, plankton, and females choose mates based on size comprise the family.... Are far away fish for the beginner are kept as marine aquarium pets relatively mild mannered for spot... Fish do not take part in breeding and are usually clear except for spot.
2020 damselfish scientific name